How to grow and care snake plant || Best Guide
Snake Plant (Dracaena trifasciata or Sansevieria trifasciata) is one of the most well-known houseplants which is famous for its architectural shape and it’s easy to take care of them. Snake plants are much hardy and steadfast and for this these plants can be grown without regular care. Snake plants can tolerate both bright light and dark places. If you put your snake plant in direct sunlight you will notice fast growth of your plant. And putting snake plants in dark places you will notice slow growth. Snake plants can thrive in drought by exchanging O2 and CO2 using an acid metabolism process.
|Other Name||Mother-in-law’s tongue, viper’s bowstring hemp, St. George’s sword|
|Botanical Name||Dracaena trifasciata (formerly Sansevieria trifasciata)|
|Plant Type||Evergreen, perennial|
|Mature Size||6 inches to 10 feet tall|
|Sun Exposure||Indirect sunlight to partial sun|
|Soil Type||Sandy and well-drained|
|Soil pH||Slightly acidic to slightly alkaline|
|Native Area||West Africa (tropical)|
Snake Plants are many hardy and steady houseplants and for this, you need not worry about their growth. So, beginners can easily plant and grow their snake plants much easier. They can struggle in a cold location and can withstand warm conditions. They can also thrive in drought for their metabolic power.
Snake plants can survive in dark places and can also be accustomed to direct sunlight. For better growth, you can place your snake plant in a place where it can get steady indirect sunlight.
Sandy soil with a proper draining system is good for the proper growth of Snake Plants. You can also use cactus potting soil which is famous for potting indoor plants. You can use potting media containing low-level peat content, but you should be careful to use peat content as it may cause dehydration problems.
You need not water your plants and let your plant dry between watering. You can use pond water, tap water, distilled water for your plant. Be careful that your plant should not be waterlogged as it can cause root rot of your plant. You should water the plant only when you notice the soil becomes dry gradually. In the winter season, you should water your snake plant once every 2 months and in the summer season, you should water two times each month.
Temperature and Humidity
This plants are well-suited in warmer temperatures and you should place your plant in a draft-free spot. Safe your plant from frost because frost can harm or kill your snake plant. The temperature range in the spot should 20-30°C.
Fertilizer or Feeding
You can use liquid fertilizer in the spring which is the blooming time of Snake plants. You should not fertilize your plant in the winter season.
How to plant snake plant
- Select a container to pot your snake plant. The pot should have a proper draining system. For this, you can use a porous container which can help the soil to dry early.
- Then you should scratch the selected sandier soil mixing with some potting mix.
- Place the mixed soil in the container and then pot the snake plant in the container and then give soil to cover the root of the plant.
- If you want to repot your plant you should not bury much of your plant in the new container, rather the depth should be the same as the previous container.
- After planting place your snake plant in a spot where the temperature remains more than 10°C.
Additional Care tips for your Snake Plant:
- You should not cut tall spikes because fragrant, white flower clusters can emerge from these tall spikes.
- Some large leaves may collect dust from the air. You should wipe them using a soft cloth or sponge.
- If you plant your snake plant in good condition like bright sunlight, you will notice rapid growth of your plant and then you need to separate from the mother plant.
- At the time of separation of the cutting, you should select a section that contains both leaves and roots.
Popular Varieties of Snake Plant
- “Dracaena trifasciata‘Laurentii” This type of plant has yellow leaf margins and for propagation, it needs to be divided rather than leaf cutting.
- “Dracaena trifasciata‘Bantel’s Sensation” This plant has thick leaves with white vertical stripes and the plant grows approximately 3 feet long in a good spot.
- Dracaena trifasciata‘Hahnii’ This variety is also known as a bird’s nest snake plant as its leaves form a bird’s nest clump. The approximate of this variety is 6 to 8 inches.
- “Dracaena angolensi(formerly Sansevieria cylindrical)” The previous name indicates the shape of leaves of the plant. The leaves of this plant are round-shaped and can reach several feet in height.
Pruning and shaping
Pruning may help you to maintain the desired shape of your plant and to give your plant a healthy life. Spring and summer seasons are the best time for pruning. For pruning, you can use a sharp knife or scissors. Remove or cut the leaves which are damaged, discolored, and belong to the soil level. Remove the leaves which are cut down from the root of the plant. Removing old leaves encourages the plant to grow new leaves. To maintain the height of your plant you can cut down the tallest leaves.
Propagation Techniques for Snake Plant
The best time of propagation for Snake Plants is during the growing period in the spring and summer seasons. There are different techniques to propagate Snake Plants. You can propagate snake plants using cuttings, by potting new shoots that emerge from the soil or by seeds.
Propagation by Leaf Cutting
- Cut off a healthy, long leaf from your mother Plant using scissors, or sharp knife, or a pruning shear.
- Place the cutting in a water-filled container and place the container in a sunny spot. Then notice the growth of the root of your plant.
- You should change the water every week maintaining the same level of water in the container.
- After developing roots at least 1 inch, you should pot the plant in a soil-contained pot.
- Mix some potting mix with the soil. After potting give some water and place the plant in a sunny spot.
Propagation by Offshoots
- You can use offshoots to propagate snake plants. If you notice any offshoots emerging you can put in a new place.
- Take outside the root ball and select the offshoot root. Then cut the pup and pot in a new container that contains soil with potting mix.
- Place it in a bright indirect light spot and give water to your plant.
Propagation by root separation
- Take out the root ball of your plant from the soil and then remove the soil carefully from the root.
- Then placing the root in a flat place cut the root vertically as all section of the plant contains their individual root. You should use a sharp knife for cutting roots.
- Pot the separated root in a new container and give water to it.
- Place your plant in bright indirect sunlight.